The goal of treating farsightedness is to help focus light on the retina through the use of corrective lenses or refractive surgery.
In young people, treatment isn't always necessary because the crystalline lenses inside the eyes are flexible enough to compensate for the condition. But as you age, the lenses become less flexible and eventually you'll probably need corrective lenses to improve your near vision.
Wearing corrective lenses treats farsightedness by counteracting the decreased curvature of your cornea or the smaller size (length) of your eye. Types of corrective lenses include:
- • Eyeglasses.The variety of eyeglasses is wide and includes bifocals, trifocals, progressive lenses and reading lenses.
- • Contact lenses. A wide variety of contact lenses are available — hard, soft, extended wear, disposable, rigid gas permeable and bifocal. Ask your eye doctor about the pros and cons of contact lenses and what might be best for you.
If you're also having agerelated trouble with close vision (presbyopia), monovision contact lenses may be an option for you. With monovision contacts, you may not need correction for the eye you use for distance vision (usually the dominant eye). But a contact lens can be used for closeup vision in your other eye. Some people have trouble adapting to this kind of vision because 3D vision is sacrificed in order to be able to see both nearby and in the distance clearly. Monovision contacts can be worn intermittently as desired.
Modified monovision contact lenses are another option. With this type of contact lens, you can wear a bifocal contact lens in your nondominant eye and a contact lens prescribed for distance in your dominant eye. You can then use both eyes for distance and one eye for seeing objects nearby.
Although most refractive surgical procedures are used to treat nearsightedness, they can also be used for farsightedness. These surgical treatments correct farsightedness by reshaping the curvature of your cornea.
Your doctor can discuss these options in more detail with you at your comprehensive eye exam.